eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-Profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2019   Volume No 37 – pages 431-443

Title: A murine femoral ostectomy model with hardware exchange to assess antibiotic-impregnated spacers for implant-associated osteomyelitis

Authors: RP Trombetta, KL de Mesy Bentley, EM Schwarz, SL Kate, HA Awad

Address: University of Rochester Medical Centre, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642, USA

E-mail: hani_awad at

Abstract: Implant-associated osteomyelitis is a chronic infection that complicates orthopaedic surgeries. Once infected, 50 % of patients suffer treatment failure, resulting in high healthcare costs. While various small animal models have been developed to investigate the efficacy of prophylactic and therapeutic treatments, the minute scale of murine-model bone and hardware has been prohibitive for evaluating interventions with a complete implant exchange in the setting of an infected critical defect. To address this, the aim of the present study was to develop a murine femur model in which an initial mid-diaphyseal infection was established by surgical implantation of a titanium screw contaminated with bioluminescent Staphylococcus aureus (Xen36). 7 d after the infection was established, an ostectomy was performed to remove the middle segment (3 mm flanking the infected screw hole) and a bone-cement spacer, with or without impregnated gentamicin, was secured with a plate and screws to fix the septic segmental defect. Longitudinal bioluminescent imaging revealed a significant decrease in Xen36 growth following one-stage revision, with the antibiotic-impregnated spacer treated systemically with vancomycin (p < 0.05). This result was corroborated by a significant decrease in colony forming units (CFU) recovered from spacer, bone, soft tissue and hardware 12 d post-operative (p < 0.05). However, ~ 105 CFU/g Xen36 still persisted within the bone despite a clinical therapeutic regimen. Therefore, the model enables the investigation of new therapeutic strategies to improve upon the current standard of care in a mouse model of implant-associated osteomyelitis that employs reconstruction of a critical defect.

Key Words: Staphylococcus aureus, osteomyelitis, one-stage revision, poly(methyl methacrylate).

Publication date: June 27th 2019

Article download: Pages 431-443 (PDF file)


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