eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-Profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2019   Volume No 38 – pages 188-200

Title: High glucose exposure promotes proliferation and in vivo network formation of adipose-tissue-derived microvascular fragments

Authors: MW Laschke, MS Seifert, C Scheuer, E Kontaxi, W Metzger, MD Menger

Address: Institute for Clinical and Experimental Surgery, Saarland University, D-66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany

E-mail: matthias.laschke at uks.eu

Abstract: High glucose concentrations have been shown to activate endothelial cells and promote angiogenesis. In the present study, it was investigated whether high glucose concentrations could improve the vascularisation capacity of adipose-tissue-derived microvascular fragments (ad-MVF). Ad-MVF were isolated from the epididymal fat pads of donor mice and cultivated for 24 h in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution supplemented with vehicle or 30 mM glucose. Protein expression, morphology, viability and proliferation of the cultivated ad-MVF were analysed by means of proteome profiler mouse angiogenesis array, scanning electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Additional cultivated ad-MVF were seeded on to collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffolds to study their in vivo vascularisation capacity in the dorsal skinfold chamber model by intravital fluorescence microscopy, histology and immunohistochemistry. In vitro, high glucose exposure changed the protein expression pattern of ad-MVF with endoglin, interleukin (IL)-1β and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 as the most up-regulated pro-angiogenic factors. Moreover, high glucose exposure induced the formation of nanopores in the ad-MVF wall. In addition, ad-MVF contained significantly larger numbers of proliferating endothelial and perivascular cells while exhibiting a comparable number of apoptotic cells when compared to vehicle-treated controls. In vivo, scaffolds seeded with high-glucose-exposed ad-MVF exhibited an improved vascularisation and tissue incorporation. These findings demonstrated that the exposure of cultivated ad-MVF to high glucose concentrations is a promising approach to improve their in vivo performance as vascularisation units for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Key Words: Tissue engineering, microvascular fragments, glucose, hyperglycaemia, angiogenesis, vascularisation, scaffold.

Publication date: October 15th 2019

Article download: Pages 188-200 (PDF file)
DOI:
10.22203/eCM.v038a13

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